# SUMIF

## “SUMIF”

Used for – “SUMIF” function in MS Excel is used to find the sum of values in a range that meet criteria that you have specified.
Syntax – SUMIF(range, criteria, [sum_range])
range – It is a array within which you want to give the criteria. In this range each cell must contain a number, alphabets or alphanumeric values which can be used as criteria. It is a compulsory field and if you did not fill any value excel will not proceed further.
criteria – As the name indicates it is a cell or value or condition or expression or a function/formula that defines which cells to be added. It is a compulsory field and if you did not fill any value excel will not proceed further.
[sum_range] – As the name indicate it is a range which contains number whose cells are being sumup based on the given criteria. This is also an optional field and is an array. If you donot specify the sum_range excel will sum up the cell which are in range.

Example – Following example will clear the SUMIF function:-

In below table column A, B, & C contains some sales data for particular item in specified quarter. Now column F contains the SUMIF function with different criteria.
 A B C D E F G H I 1 Quater ITEM Sale Total Sale 2 1 Orange 5000 Orange =SUMIF(B2:B7,E2,C2:C7) 3 1 Banana 2000 Banana =SUMIF(B2:B7,E3,C2:C7) 4 2 Papaya 1000 =SUMIF(C2:C7,">2000") 5 2 Orange 3000 =SUMIF(B2:B7,"*a",C2:C7) 6 3 Banana 4000 7 3 Papaya 2000

Cell F2 & F3 contains the total sale of orange & banana for all the three quarter respectively, while the cell F4 contains the total sale which is greater than 2000 and cell F5 coatains the total of all the items which end with “a”.
And result you get as under:-
 A B C D E F G H I 1 Quater ITEM Sale Total Sale 2 1 Orange 5000 Orange 8000 3 1 Banana 2000 Banana 6000 4 2 Papaya 1000 12000 5 2 Orange 3000 9000 6 3 Banana 4000 7 3 Papaya 2000

NOTE :- Please do care of following points when you use SUMIF :-
·         SUMIF has the limitation that you can match only 255 characters if you match more than it result incorrect.
·         Range and sum_range may or may not be of equal size. If they are of unequal size then it sum the sum range based upon upper left most cell specify by you in both and it will take longer time for calculation than expected.

·         The blanks and numeric values in text format being ignored in this function.